USGS pilots will be flying over the Spring Grove area with a device such as the one seen hanging under this helicopter.
USGS pilots will be flying over the Spring Grove area with a device such as the one seen hanging under this helicopter.

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists plan to conduct the first comprehensive, high-resolution airborne survey to study the rock layers under a region of northeastern Iowa and southeastern Minnesota, lasting through January 2013.

When the data analysis is complete, resulting state-of-the-art, 3-D subsurface maps will help USGS researchers improve an assessment of mineral and water resources of the region.

As part of this research, both a low flying airplane and helicopter with auxiliary instrumentation will be used.

Residents and visitors should not be alarmed to witness either of these instruments flying low to the ground near the Decorah, Iowa, and Spring Grove areas.

"Modern society is critically dependent on clean water and a vast array of minerals to maintain and enhance our quality of life," said USGS Director Marcia McNutt.

"The USGS uses the latest technology to find new sources of these valuable commodities, even when buried deep beneath the Earth's surface, and places that information in the public domain to benefit all Americans."

The survey area is thought to be part of the 1.1 billion year old Mid-continent Rift, a major structure that stretches across much of the central United States.

Rocks of the Mid-continent Rift include large volumes of mafic rocks. In the Lake Superior region, these rocks contain significant resources of nickel, copper and platinum group elements.

USGS scientists plan to use the new geophysical data to help determine if there is potential for similar resources to exist in the survey area.

A secondary goal is to evaluate the geologic structure as it relates to water resources. This research is meant to study deep rocks, beneath limestone and sandstone layers.

The helicopter will carry large electromagnetic and magnetic instruments from a cable underneath.

A DC-3, retrofitted with modern avionics and gas turbine engines, will carry gravity gradient instruments.

Because different rock types differ in their content of water, magnetic minerals and density, the resulting geophysical maps allow visualization of the geologic structure below the surface.

This survey will be flown in a grid pattern, by both aircraft at different times. East-west lines will be flown 1⁄4 mile apart at elevations from 100-500 feet above the ground, and 2 1⁄2 miles apart in a north-south direction. All survey flights will occur during daylight hours.

Visit for more information on this project.